This is a simplified view: Sign up or Log in to access full view.


Alternative packaging materials made of higher fungi mycelium reinforced with natural textile fibers

Synthetic materials can induce harmful imprints on environmental components as accumulation of plastics on the surface of the planet registered an accelerated growth, thus rendering viable the idea of developing applicative alternatives for packaging industry.

Foto de

Published by @Ovidiu
05 Apr 2017


Show/Hide specialization/thematic fields

 

Share this page K


Project description

The project main objective is the development of environmental friendly packaging made of higher fungi mycelium (hyphal nets) reinforced with natural textile fibers. The new packages will be grown on ecological alternative nutritive sources, such as crop waste and/or vegetal household waste. The project aims at overcoming the disadvantages of the conventional synthetic packaging materials, like Styrofoam, polystyrene etc., such as environmental pollution, fossil fuel consumption, fluctuating availability/price of raw materials, and low biodegradability index.
S&T objectives:
-Screening of higher fungi (mushrooms) to identify the strains with high production of mycelium for packaging development.
-Isolation and characterization of new fungal strains from wild sources (such as forests).
-Selection of vegetal (crop waste and/or vegetal household waste) and textile wastes serving as nutrient material for hyphae grow and as support to form a network of interconnected mycelia cells.
-Selection of an enclosure for growing packaging composites.
-Laboratory experiments to growth mycelium on selected substrates and enclosure. The effort will be directed to formulate the composite materials (inoculum, vegetable waste, nutrient sources, fibrous materials and water) as solid sheets thus allowing for further various design implementations.
-Process parameters optimization. Trial and error of near-end formulations of packaging with textile fibers core.
-Pilot/industrial up-scale of the fungal composite materials
-Post-processing to obtain the desired geometry and surface finishes.
-Composite materials characterization: compressive strength, flexural strength, modulus of elasticity, density, dimensional stability, aging, hydrophoby, flammability, thermal conductivity.
-Safety evaluation: skin sensitization, mutagenicity,
-Life cycle evaluation.
-Validation of final formulation of packaging.

Project abstract

Synthetic materials can induce harmful imprints on environmental components as accumulation of plastics on the surface of the planet registered an accelerated growth, thus rendering viable the idea of developing applicative alternatives for packaging industry.

Consortia

Existing partners (Romania)
1. National R&D Institute for Textile and Leather – Biotechnology Laboratory (INCDTP): strains screening, alternative nutritive sources selection, obtaining of mycelium, cultivation processes parameters assessment, selection of core textile materials, physical-mechanical testing and morphology properties assessment.
2. BIOTEHGEN (Microbial Biotechnology Center): screening and identification of microbial strains, potential exploitation of agricultural crops, obtaining of micro- and nano- structured materials, cultivation processes parameters assessment.
3. Romanian SME: providing textile waste that will serve as developed mycelial packaging reinforcement core.

Required partners
1. Partner 1 (SME): formulation of developed raw mixture and design of packaging sheets. Pilot/industrial up-scale of the fungal composite materials; Post-processing to obtain the desired geometry and surface finishes.
2. Partner 2 (University/Research Institute): collaboration with INCDTP and BIOTEHGEN in strains screening, alternative nutritive sources selection, obtaining of mycelium, cultivation processes parameters assessment.
3. Partner 3: Safety evaluation; Life cycle evaluation.

Participant



Universities
Public Research Bodies
Technological centers
Big companies
SMEs
Public Bodies
Other



Turkey
Slovakia
Spain
Greece
Germany
France
Belgium
Romania